All students have to stay on in education, training or employment with training until they are 18. If any students do not achieve a grade 4 or above in GCSE Maths or English they will also be required to carry on studying these subjects at school, college or as part of an apprenticeship.
The main pathways you can follow after Year 11
This is full time education. All sixth forms offer A-Levels and some offer BTEC qualifications alongside A-Levels. A-Levels and BTECs can lead to University, Higher Level Apprenticeships and Employment. Students usually need to obtain at least 4 or 5 GCSEs grade 5 or above to study A levels with Grade 6 required for certain subjects, depending on the sixth form or college. Most sixth forms or colleges expect students to choose to study 3 or 4 AS or A level subjects. AS levels take one year to complete. Students taking A levels will study the subject for two years and reach a higher level. Recent changes mean that AS qualifications will not count towards A level results, but A level students may still sit AS level exams after the first year to obtain the qualification and monitor their progress.
It is important that students choose A levels that will allow them to follow the career or university course of their choice. It is also important that students choose the subjects they are most likely to achieve in. They can explore University courses and find out entry requirements using the UCAS website
As many students are unsure about their long-term career aspirations, it is wise to choose A level subjects that will keep their options open. Students who have the potential to progress on to some of the most highly regarded universities may need to take care to choose the more traditional A level subjects. Academic students who want to keep their options open are encouraged to study at least 2 of the following subjects: Maths/Further Maths, English, Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Geography, History, Modern Languages. (These are known as facilitating subjects and they are highly regarded by employers and Universities) The Russell Group
of Universities gives advice about course choices on their website.
FE Colleges offer full time vocationally related courses and some offer A levels. Vocational qualifications usually take one or two years and suit students who want to learn more about a particular area of work or train for a particular industry. They combine classroom learning with research and practical activities. The majority of vocational qualifications are offered at colleges and are available at different levels. The entry requirements depend on the college, subject and level. They offer a wide range of courses such as animal care, art, business, computing, construction, hair and beauty, health and social care, public services, sport and many others.
Work based training (e.g. apprenticeship):
An apprenticeship combines working and earning money with training at a college to obtain qualifications. There are over 250 different types of apprenticeship available ranging from hairdressing to accountancy. At age 16, students can do an apprenticeship at Level 2 (Intermediate) or Level 3 (Advanced). An apprenticeship can lead on to a Higher Apprenticeship or a Degree-level Apprenticeship. Further information about apprenticeships is available on the Get in Go Far
Students can find out more and search for apprenticeships on the government apprenticeships website.
The latest local apprenticeship opportunities are posted on the Year 11 Careers notice board outside the LRC
Employment or voluntary work (minimum 20 hours) with part-time education or training
In addition to other careers-related activities in school, any student can request an individual careers meeting from Futures Advice. This is an opportunity for students to discuss their plans and receive guidance and support. A plan of action is agreed during the meeting to help students understand the next steps that should be taken.
The following careers resources may also be helpful:
A careers tool called START can help students to assess their skills and research career options. The careers tool also gives valuable information about the availability and predicted future demand for different jobs. Students will need to register to use the careers tool. They can then rate their interests, work preferences etc to find jobs which might suit them. Alternatively, students can insert the name of a job in the “Search” tool for career information, live vacancies and labour market information.
The Career Pilot website parents’ section
The Careers Advice for Parents
EY - Building A Better Working World
Your curiosity, open-mindedness and enthusiasm will help build the world we all imagine. Discover how at EY we can build a better working world together.
The National Careers Service
They can offer valuable information and guidance. Students and their parents can access support via the website or National Contact Centre 0800 100 900